Seasonal Climate Watch -August to December 2023

The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is currently in an El Niño state and according to the latest predictions is expected to persist through most of the summer months. ENSO’s impact is still limited for the initial forecast period, with early summer forecasts indicating to manifest its impact during the summer period.

The multi-model rainfall forecast indicates above-normal rainfall for most of the country during early spring (Aug-Sep-Oct) with below-normal rainfall predicted over the western parts during mid-spring (Sep-Oct-Nov) and late-spring (Oct-Nov-Dec).

Minimum and maximum temperatures are expected to be mostly above-normal countrywide for the forecast period.

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